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ICT Policy


The Ethiopian Government has made the development of information and communications technology (ICT) one of its strategic priorities. This ICT policy is a emonstration of its commitment to the development of ICT both as an industry and as an enabler of socio-economic transformation. The policy stems from the recognition by the Government of ICT as the key driver and facilitator for transforming Ethiopia’s predominantly subsistence-agriculture economy and society into an information- and knowledge-based economy and society, effectively integrated into the global economy.

The Millennium Development Goal of the United Nations recognizes ICT as a tool for its attainment. The role of ICT in development as also recognized in the Geneva Declaration of the World Summit on the Information Society (2003) as well as other regional conferences in which Ethiopia has been actively participating. Countries worldwide are using ICT as the driving force by successfully exploiting the opportunities it presents for their social and economic transformation. Towards this end they have adopted policies as a framework for the exploitation and application of ICT. Ethiopia has already embarked on several initiatives to promote the development and application of ICT in recognition of its role for national development. The scope of Ethiopia’s ICT policy covers knowledge and information as a tool for development, as well as the development of ICT as a sector or industry.

Aside from being an enabler of socio-economic development, ICT also supports Ethiopia’s on- oing process of democratization and sound governance. The major areas of ICT application in the area of democratic governance include on-going programs such as civil and public civil service reform, justice reform and decentralization. ICT promotes democratic governance by enabling all citizens to participate in the political process as well as have access to global knowledge and information. Here, the goal of the Government is to ensure that all citizens have equal access to government services as well as equitable access to knowledge and information.

This document articulates policy guidelines and describes critical areas for the development of ICT in Ethiopia. It lays out a road map in terms of the country’s overall vision and the corresponding mission and strategies for guiding the Government’s efforts aimed at transforming Ethiopia’s economy and society into an ICT-driven economy and a knowledge-based society. The document is organized into six Chapters. Chapter I provides the rationale behind the ICT policy and expresses the Government’s keen interest in the exploitation and application of ICT for socio-economic development. Chapter II sets the background to the policy. It presents a brief overview of Ethiopia’s current social and economic conditions, governance and the problems and challenges facing the country. Chapter III provides a qualitative overview of the current status of ICT in Ethiopia. Chapter IV covers the underlying principles of the policy in terms of vision and mission, goals and objectives, and strategies. It also includes the broad guiding principles underlying the policy. Chapter V sets out the strategic focus of the policy comprising the human resource base, physical and ICT infrastructure, government administration and service delivery, etc. Chapter VI concludes with a description of the requisite institutional framework for implementing the policy including coordination, monitoring and evaluation and resource mobilization.




ICT Policy English Format

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Last Updated (Friday, 28 September 2018 07:32)

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